CHISUM (1970)
By Lee Pfeiffer
The John Wayne Scrapebook, 1989
Cast: John Wayne, Forrest Tucker, Christopher George, Pamela McMyler, Geoffrey Deuel, Ben Johnson, Glenn Corbett, Bruce Cabot, Andrew Prine, Patric Knowles, Richard Jaeckel. Director: Andrew V. McLaglen. Screenplay: Andrew J. Fenady. Music: Dominic Frontiere. Released by: Warner Bros. Running Time: 110 Minutes.

Following Duke's triumph in True Grit, the actor went immediately to work on The Undefeated, a large-scale Western co-starring Rock Hudson. Despite some impressive scenery and action, the film was basically a routine hoss opera that does not rank among Wayne's more memorable movies. Fans wondered if he would begin to slip into making the kind of mediocre films which had immediately preceded True Grit. The worries proved to be groundless. Whether by coincidence or design, most of Duke's post-Grit films would be both entertaining and impressive. His next feature following The Undefeated was titled Chisum, and it proved to be, in the words of Cue Magazine critic William Wolf, "a real gem worth treasuring."

For Chisum, Duke teamed again with director Andrew V. McLaglen, the son of Wayne's long-time pal, colleague and drinking pal, Victor McLaglen. Andy's track record with Wayne thus far was "1 win, 2 losses," having directed the popular and successful McLintock! and the mediocre Hellfighters and The Undefeated. The two would team again in 1973 for the sluggish, Cahill: U.S. Marshal. For all intents and purposes, Chisum would prove to be the highpoint of the duo's semi-frequent collaborations.

The story is based loosely on the life of cattle baron John Simpson Chisum, whose kingdom became the focal point of the legendary Lincoln County War. That event helped to perpetrate the legend of Billy the Kid, and the young gunman plays a prominent part in the tale. Things get off to an impressive start, as McLaglen uses the technique of showing the credits over some distinctive paintings of life on the prairie to reflect the events Chisum had to endure in order to gain his success. Accompanied by a corny, yet catchy driving theme song, the credits fade and the movie opens with an impressive shot of Duke alone on a mountaintop at sunset surveying his domain.

When we first meet Wayne, we see his is a tough, but reasonable businessman who has no intention of relinquishing one bit of the land he fought so hard to own. This comes as disturbing news to his rival, in the person of Forrest Tucker. The two men are vying for control of the choicest land, and Tucker is not above using unscrupulous means to get what he covets--Chisum's cattle empire and spread. Into this tense atmosphere rides Billy Bonney (aka Billy the Kid), who is trying desperately to put his scandalous past behind him by becoming a trusted employee of Duke's neighboring cattle baron, played by Patric Knowles.

The peaceful atmopshere soon erupts, as events unfold rapidly. Billy (Geoffrey Deuel) falls for Wayne's niece (Pamela McMyler), to the dismay of Duke, who likes the boy personally, but distrusts his instinctive reactions toward violence. Tucker eventually declares all-out war on Wayne, leading to the murder of Knowles. When this occurs, Deuel decides it's time for Billy the Kid to do what he does best--shoot. He guns down the corrupt sheriff (Bruce Cabot) as well as Knowles' killers. Wayne informs Deuel he will not tolerate his lawlessness, and tells him to leave the territory. Deuel refuses, and along with a few accomplices, gets trapped in a building by Tucker and a veritable army of thugs. A blazing gunbattle erupts in which innocent people are murdered. Wayne is then faced with the choice of waiting for "due process" or taking action. To no one's surprise, he chooses the latter, telling side-kick Ben Johnson he's going to do "what I woulda' done 25 years ago."

This sets the stage for the spectacular climax of Chisum, which culminates in what one critic calls "the busiest 40 seconds of any John Wayne movie." In a wonderfully staged action sequence, Duke and his men smash through a barricade in the middle of town by stampeding a herd of cattle. As dozens of men engage in a thrilling gun battle, Wayne crashes his horse through a store window to get at Tucker. The two aging rivals then engage in a terrifically exciting fist fight, which leads to Tucker being impaled on a set of cattle horns. The war is over, John Simpson Chisum resumes his quiet life, and Billy the Kid heads off for the pages of history.

There are a great many things to admire in Chisum. For one thing it presents a solid storyline and does not hurry through the dialogue to get to the next shootout. There's plenty of action, but never at the expense of the characterizations. Wayne is excellent in the title role, conveying a sensitive side rarely seen in his films. He is more than matched, however, by Forrest Tucker, whose interpretation of the despicable, yet charming rival to Wayne probably represents the best performance of his career. The supporting cast is less impressive, through it would be unfair to say that any performance was actually unsatisfactory. The weakest link is Deuel's Billy the Kid. He is simply too much of a lightweight to provide the insights associated with the character. The portrayal is adequate, but nothing more.

Seasoned pros like Ben Johnson and Bruce Cabot are far more watchable, having been part of the Wayne stock company for many years. The screenplay bogs down a bit with the needless romantic entanglements between Deuel and McMyler, and there are a couple of mediocre love songs thrown in as part of one of those dreadful but seemingly obligatory "montages" of couples in love. Yet, for its few flaws, Chisum was a superior Western in every way. Audiences agreed, making it one of the most successful films of 1970. The film was also a major stepping stone for Andy McLaglen, who became a leading director of action films, including the superb movie The Wild Geese. Much fanfare was generated shortly after Chisum's release when Richard Nixon declared it to be one of his all-time favorite movies. Perhaps he was a bit too inspired by Duke's two-fisted way of imposing his views, as shortly after seeing Chisum, the President ordered military action in Cambodia.

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